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due notice to the inhabitants, and then and there the said Commissioners, or any two of them, shall hear such appeals as may be made to them, and may discharge such assessment, or lower the same, as to them, on consideration of inability of person or estate only, shall appear just and equitable.
14. The said Commissioners of the respective Counties, or any two of them, within ten days after hearing and determining the appeals made to them, shall rectify and adjust the lists returned to them as aforesaid, and the assessments thereon, and deliver to the Treasurers of the respective Counties a true account of the sums total which every Collector shall be charged with, in pursuance of these Resolves; and shall cause their Clerks to make out and deliver fair duplicates thereof to the respective Collectors of the Townships, Boroughs, Wards, and Districts within their respective Counties, who shall collect the said sums, keeping exact and separate accounts of the sums so charged on Non-Associators, and shall pay the same into the hands of the respective County Treasurers, who shall pay the same into the hands of Michael Hillegas, Esquire, to be applied to the same purposes as the fines and penalties collected from the Association are limited and directed. And all persons shall be liable to the payment of the said sums, in the same manner, and the Collectors shall have the same powers, and shall proceed in collecting and levying the said sums, and shall be accountable in the same manner, as is directed by the Act intituled An Act for raising County Rates and Levies.
15. The allowances to the Collectors of such assessments, and to the Treasurers, respectively, shall be the same with those appointed and directed in the collection of fines from Associators for non-attendance.
16. The Treasurers of the respective Counties, before they enter on the duties hereby required of them, shall give the like security, for the faithful discharge of their office, to the Commissioners of their several Counties, that they are now obliged by the laws of this Province to give for the due payment of Provincial Taxes.
17. All and every person and persons who are required or enjoined by these Resolutions, or any of them, to discharge or perform any of the offices or duties herein before-mentioned, are hereby further earnestly and solemnly required and enjoined, with all diligence and fidelity, strenuously to exert themselves in discharging and performing such offices and duties, and every part thereof, as they regard the freedom, security, and happiness of their country.
Whereas a number of spirited Germans, and other foreigners, not entitled to the privileges of freemen of this Province, have cheerfully associated in its defence, and shown a readiness to expose their lives therefor, if necessary:
Resolved, therefore, That every such person producing a certificate, under the hand and seal of the commanding officer of any Battalion in the Military Association of this Province, signifying that such person has signed the Articles of the Association, and served pursuant thereto, and, in case of an invasion or alarm, has, upon his own account, gone forth into actual service, such person shall be, and is hereby, recommended to the special notice and encouragement of this and any future Assembly, in order to his being put in the same condition, and entitled to the same rights and privileges, as natural-born subjects within this Province now are.
Upon motion, Resolved, That the Committee of Safety procure a sufficient number of complete copies of the Rules and Regulations for the better government of the Military Association in Pennsylvania, The Articles of the said Association, and the Resolutions directing the mode of levying Taxes on Non-Associators in Pennsylvania, as amended at this sitting, to be immediately printed in the English and German languages, and transmitted to the Commanding Officers of the several Battalions, and to the Commissioners of the several Counties in this Province.
The Committee appointed last night to bring in a draft of Rules and Articles for the Troops in the pay of this Province, agreeable to the alterations directed by the House, reported an essay for that purpose; which being read and agreed to, the same was transcribed by order, and follows in these words, viz:
Rules and Articles for the government of PENNSYLVANIA Forces.
Whereas, the inhabitants of this Province are under an indispensable necessity of raising an Armed Force for their immediate security and protection, and to repel any hostile attacks which may be made upon them: for the due regulating and governing whereof,
Resolved, That the following Rules and Articles be attended to, obeyed, and observed, by such Troops as are or may be raised, and in the pay of this Province:
Article 1. It is earnestly recommended to all officers and soldiers diligently to attend divine service; and all officers and soldiers who shall behave indecently or irreverently at any place of divine worship, shall, if commissioned officers, be brought before a Court-Martial, there to be publickly and severely reprimanded by the President; if non-commissioned officers or soldiers, every person so offending shall, for his first offence, forfeit one-sixth of a dollar, to be deducted out of his next pay: for the second offence, he shall not only forfeit a like sum, but be confined twenty-four hours; and for every like offence, shall suffer and pay, in like manner; which money, so forfeited, shall be applied to the use of the sick soldiers of the troop or company to which the offender belongs.
Article 2. Whatsoever non-commissioned officer or soldier shall use any profane oath or execration, shall incur the penalties expressed in the foregoing article; and if a commissioned officer be thus guilty of profane cursing or swearing, he shall forfeit and pay, for each and every offence, the sum of four shillings, lawful money.
Article 3. Any officer or soldier who shall behave himself with contempt or disrespect towards the Commander-in-Chief of the said forces, or shall speak false words tending to his or their hurt or dishonour, shall be punished according to the nature of his offence, by the judgment of a General Court-Martial.
Article 4. Any officer or soldier who shall begin, excite, cause, or join, in any mutiny or sedition in the regiment, troop, or company to which he belongs, or in any other regiment, troop, or company of the said forces, either by land or sea, or in any party, post, detachment, or guard, on any pretence whatsoever, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a General Court-Martial shall direct.
Article 5. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, who, being present at any mutiny or sedition, does not use his utmost endeavours to suppress the same, or, coming to the knowledge of any mutiny, or intended mutiny, does not, without delay, give information thereof to the commanding officer, shall be punished by order of a General Court-Martial according to the nature of his offence.
Article 6. Any officer or soldier who shall strike his superior officer, or draw, or offer to draw, or shall lift up any weapon, or offer any violence against him, being in the execution of his office, on any pretence whatsoever, or shall disobey any lawful commands of his superior officer, shall suffer such punishment as shall, according to the nature of his offence, be ordered by the sentence of a General Court-Martial.
Article 7. Any non-commissioned officer or soldier who shall desert, or, without leave of his commanding officer, absent himself from the troop or company to which he belongs, or from any detachment of the same, shall, upon being convicted thereof, be punished according to the nature of his offence, at the discretion of a General Court-Martial.
Article 8. Whatsoever officer or soldier shall be convicted of having advised or persuaded any other officer or soldier to desert, shall suffer such punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a General Court-Martial.
Article 9. Any officer or soldier who shall desert to the enemy, and afterwards be taken, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a General Court-Martial shall direct.
Article 10. All officers, of what condition soever, shall have power to part and quell all quarrels, frays, and disorders, though the persons concerned should belong to another regiment, troop, or company, and either order officers to be arrested, or non-commissioned officers or soldiers to be confined and imprisoned, till their proper superior officers shall be acquainted therewith; and whoever shall refuse to obey such officer, (though of an inferior rank,) or shall draw his sword upon him, shall be punished at the discretion of a General Court-Martial.
Article 11. No officer or soldier shall use any reproachful or provoking speeches or gestures to another, nor shall presume to send a challenge to any person to fight a duel; and whoever shall knowingly or willingly suffer any person to go forth to fight a duel, or shall second, promote, or carry