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the Drum-Major and Fife-Major of every Battalion shall receive each a sum not exceeding fifteen shillings per week, and be continued in pay as long as the Colonels of the several Battalions shall think necessary; and it is required, that such Drum-Majors and Fife-Majors when not in service on days of exercise, shall be diligently employed in instructing a proper number of persons for Drummers and Fifers of the several Battalions. That, instead of an Adjutant on pay, there be a Sergeant-Major to each Battalion of the City of Philadelphia, who shall receive a sum not exceeding eight dollars per month, and be continued in pay as long as the Colonels of the several Battalions shall think necessary, provided the same be not extended beyond the second Monday in October next.
Thirty-fourth. All officers and soldiers of the Association, when employed on military watch and ward, or when called into actual service, in case of an invasion or insurrection, or imminent danger of either, by this House of Assembly, or, in their recess, by the Committee of Safety, shall, while on such watch, or in such service, be entitled to and receive the same pay that the officers and soldiers of the Continental Troops receive.
Thirty-fifth. If any officer or soldier, not labouring under any infirmity incapacitating him to serve, shall, when so called into actual service, refuse to appear and march with his arms, ammunition, and accoutrements, or (if a soldier) shall refuse to provide a suitable person well clothed, armed, and accoutred, to march in his stead, such person to be approved by the commanding officer of the Battalion; or if any officer or soldier, having entered on such service, shall depart without leave of such commanding officer, he shall be held up to the publick as a coward and betrayer of his country; provided always, that no Associator be detained in actual service longer than two months at one time, without his free consent.
Thirty-sixth. If any Associator, so called into actual service, shall leave a family not of ability to maintain themselves in his absence, the Overseers of the Poor, with the concurrence of one Justice of the Peace of the City or County where such Associator did reside, shall immediately make provision by way of out-pension for the maintenance of such family; and a true and proper account being kept thereof shall be returned to the Assembly, in order that the same may be made a Provincial expense, and paid accordingly.
Thirty-seventh. When any of the Associators shall be so called into actual service, the Commissioners of the respective Counties, or any one of them, shall immediately provide such carriages as may be necessary for their accommodation, at the expense of the publick.
Thirty-eighth. As there may happen occasions wherein it may be necessary to call out a part of the Associators to actual, though temporary, service, and not the whole body, and it would be inconvenient and burdensome, if, upon every alarm, where the assistance of part only may be wanted, the whole should come together, or a much greater number than the occasion required,it is recommended, that orders may issue from the Assembly, or, in their recess, the Committee of Safety, to the Colonels, either to march their whole Battalion, or to send to an appointed rendezvous one or more Companies, as they may be wanted; and, in the latter case, such Company to be formed by drafts out of the Companies, and to be commanded by an officer out of each Company, on the tour of duty, each Company serving on such calls, in its turn, and for such proportion of time as shall make the burden nearly equal; and if the Associators who are called forth, are not all provided with good arms, it is recommended to all those who have such, and are not called out, to lend the same for that occasion, at the risk of the publick.
Thirty-ninth. The Field-Officers of every Battalion shall appoint some person in each Company of their respective Battalions, in whom they can confide, and the officers in every Troop of Horse and Company of Artillery, shall, in like manner, choose some person in their Troop or Company respectively, whose names shall be returned by the said officers respectively to the County Treasurers for the Provincial taxes in their several Counties; which persons so appointed shall, from time to time, collect all fines incurred by the Associators for non-attendance, and shall severally pay the same to the said County Treasurers respectively, first deducting a commission of five per cent. for their trouble, which said County Treasurers, respectively, shall pay the same to Michael Hillegas, Esquire, Treasurer, after deducting a commission of one per cent. for their trouble; and then the said moneys shall be appropriated in the following manner: 1st. To the support and relief of such poor Associators as, being called out to actual service, shall be maimed and wounded therein, so as to be in any respect unable to support themselves or families. 2d. For the support and relief of the widows and children of such poor Associators as, being called into actual service, shall be killed therein. The surplus of said moneys to be applied as this or any future Assembly shall direct. And the said Michael Hillegas shall be allowed for his trouble herein, five shillings for every one hundred pounds so received and paid by him. It is directed, that the said Collectors shall account with the officers who severally appointed them, as often as such officers shall require them so to do; and the said officers shall, in due time, transmit the accounts of the said Collectors to the respective County Treasurers for the Provincial taxes.
Lastly. This House having drawn up the following Articles of Agreement for all the Associators in the Province, they do earnestly recommend the same to be adopted, signed, and agreed to, by all the said Associators, in order that one general system may prevail in Pennsylvania.
Articles of Association in PENNSYLVANIA.
We, the Officers and Soldiers engaged in the present Association for the defence of American liberty, being fully sensible that the strength and security of any body of men acting together, consists in just regularity, due subordination, and exact obedience to command, without which no individual can have that confidence in the support of those about him that is so necessary to give firmness and resolution to the whole, do voluntarily and freely, after consideration of the following Articles, adopt the same as the Rules and Regulations by which we agree and resolve to be governed in all our Military concerns and operations, until the same, or any of them, shall be changed or dissolved by the Assembly of this Province, or a happy reconciliation shall take place between Great Britain and the Colonies:
1. If any officer make use of any profane oath or exe cration when on duty, he shall forfeit and pay for each and every such offence, the sum of five shillings; and if a non commissioned officer, or soldier, be thus guilty of cursing or swearing, he shall forfeit and pay for each and every such offence, the sum of one shilling.
2. Any officer or soldier who shall refuse to obey the lawful orders of his superior officer, may be suspended from doing duty on that day, and shall, upon being convicted there of before a Regimental Court of Associators, make such con cessions as said Court shall direct.
3. Any officer or soldier who shall begin, excite, cause, join in, or promote, any disturbance in the Battalion, Troop, or Company, to which he belongs, or in any other Battalion, Troop, or Company, shall be fined or censured, according to the nature of the offence, by the judgment of a General or Regimental Court of Associators.
4. Any officer or soldier who shall strike his superior officer, or draw, or offer to draw, or shall lift up any weapon, or offer any violence against him, being in the execution of his office, shall, upon a conviction before a General or Regimental Court of Associators, be dismissed, and shall be deemed thereby disgraced as unworthy the company of freemen.
5. Any commanding or other officer who shall strike any Associator when on duty, shall, upon conviction before a General Court of Associators, suffer such punishment as the said Court shall inflict.
6. Any officer or soldier who shall make use of insolent, provoking, or indecent language, while on duty, shall suffer such censure or fine as shall be inflicted by a General or Regimental Court of Associators, according to the nature of the offence.
7. If any officer or soldier shall think himself injured by his Colonel, or the commanding officer of the Battalion, and shall, upon due application made to him, be refused redress, he may complain to the General or Commander-in-Chief of the Pennsylvania Associators, or to the Colonel of any other Battalion, who shall summon a General Court of Associators, that justice may be done.