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8. If any inferior officer or soldier shall think himself injured by his Captain, or other superior officer, in the Battalion, Troop, or Company to which he belongs, he may complain to the commanding officer of the Battalion, who shall summon a Regimental Court of Associators for the doing justice according to the nature of the case.
9. No officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, shall fail of repairing with his arms and accoutrements, on any of the days appointed by the Assembly for exercising, to the place of parade, or other rendezvous appointed by the commanding officer, if not prevented by sickness, or some other evident necessity, of which the commanding officer of said Battalion shall judge; or shall go from the place of parade or rendezvous without leave from the said commanding officer, before he shall be regularly dismissed, on penalty of three shillings and six pence.
10. Any officer or soldier found drunk when under arms, shall be suspended from doing duty in the Battalion, Company, or Troop, on that day, and be fined, or censured, at the discretion of a General or Regimental Court of Associators.
11. Whatever sentinel shall be found sleeping or drunk on his post, or shall leave it before he is regularly relieved, shall suffer such penalty or disgrace as shall be ordered by a Regimental Court of Associators.
12. Whatever commissioned officer shall be convicted before a General Court of Associators, of behaving in a scandalous or infamous manner, unbecoming the character of an officer and a gentleman, shall be dismissed from the Association with disgrace.
13. Every non-commissioned officer or soldier who shall be convicted at a Regimental Court of Associators of having carelessly lost, wilfully spoiled or wasted, any ammunition, arms, or accoutrements, belonging to this Province, shall be dismissed his Battalion, Troop, or Company, as an unworthy member, and be prosecuted as the law directs.
14. All disorders and neglects which officers or soldiers may be guilty of, to the prejudice of the good order and military discipline of the Association of this Colony, are to be taken cognizance of by a General or Regimental Court of Associators, according to the nature and degree of the offence; and such officers or soldiers shall be fined or censured, at the discretion of the Court.
15. That, on the first meeting of every Company after subscribing these Articles of Association, and from thence forward, on the first meeting of every Company, after the last Monday in February, annually, there shall be chosen by the non-commissioned officers and privates out of each Company in the respective Battalions, two persons who are entitled to vote for Members of Assembly, whose duty and office shall be, for the year following, to sit and join with the officers in Courts of Association, which persons so chosen shall be styled Court-Associators.
16. Every General Court of Associators shall consist of thirteen members, six of whom shall be commissioned officers under the rank of Field-Officers, and six Court-Associators, who shall be drawn by lot out of the whole number for the Battalion; and these twelve are to choose a President, who shall be a Field-Officer, and have a casting voice.
17. Every Regimental Court of Associators shall be composed of seven membersthree officers, three Court-Associators, and a President, who is to be a Captain, and to be chosen by the six, and also to have a casting voice.
18. In all Courts of Associators, not less than two-thirds of the members must agree in every sentence for inflicting penalties, or for disgracing any Associator; otherwise he shall be acquitted.
19. The President of each and every Court of Associators, whether General or Regimental, shall require all witnesses, in order to the trial of offenders, to declare on oath or affirmation, that the evidence they shall give is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; and the members of all Courts of Associators shall take an oath, or affirmation, which the President is required to administer to the other members, and the next in rank is required to administer to him, that they will give judgment with impartiality.
20. All non-commissioned officers, drummers, fifers, or others, that shall be employed and receive pay in any of the Battalions, Companies, or Troops, shall subscribe these Rules and Regulations, and be subject to such fines, to be deducted from their pay, and to such penalties as a Regimental Court of Associators shall think proper, upon being convicted of having transgressed any of these regulations.
21. All Associators called as witnesses in any case before a Court of Associators, who shall refuse to attend and give evidence, shall be censured or fined, at the discretion of the Court.
22. No officer or soldier being charged with transgressing these rules, shall be suffered to do duty in the Battalion, Company, or Troop to which he belongs, until he has had his trial by a Court of Associators, and every person so charged shall be tried as soon as a Court of Associators can be conveniently assembled.
23. The officers and soldiers of every Company of Artillery, or other Company, Troop, or party, that is or shall be annexed to any Battalion, shall be subject to the command of the Colonel, or commanding officer of said Battalion, and the officers shall sit as members of Courts of Associators in the same manner as the officers of any other Company.
24. No penalty shall be inflicted at the discretion of a Court of Associators, other than degrading, cashiering, or fining; the fines for the officers not to exceed three pounds, and the fine for a non-commissioned officer, or soldier, not to exceed twelve shillings for one fault.
25. The Field-Officers of each and every Battalion shall appoint a person in every Company, to receive such fines as may arise within the same, for breach of any of these articles, (except for non-attendance;) and the commissioned officers of the Company shall, with the approbation of the Field-Officers, direct those fines to be applied to the relief of the necessitous soldiers belonging to that Company, and the overplus, if any, to other necessary expenses of the Company; and such person shall account with the Field-Officers, as often as required for all such fines received, and the application thereof.
26. The General, or Commander-in-Chief of this Association for the time being, shall have full power of pardoning or mitigating any censures or penalties ordered to be inflicted for the breach of any of these articles, by any General Court of Associators; and every offender, convicted as aforesaid by any Regimental Court of Associators, may be pardoned, or have his penalties mitigated by the Colonel or commanding officer of the Battalion, excepting only where such censures or penalties are directed as satisfaction for injuries received by one officer or soldier from another.
27. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or other person, who, having subscribed these articles, shall refuse to make such concessions, pay such fines, or, in any other matter, refuse to comply with the judgment of any Court of Associators, shall be dismissed the service, and returned to the Commissioners of the County, who shall charge and proceed against him as a Non-Associator, and he shall further be deemed unfriendly to the liberties of America.
28. Upon the determination of any point by a Regimental Court of Associators, if the officer or soldier concerned on either side thinks himself still aggrieved, he may appeal to a General Court of Associators; but if, upon a second hearing, the appeal appears groundless and vexatious, the person so appealing shall be censured, at the discretion of the said General Court.
29. Upon the death, resignation, promotion, or other removal of a Field-Officer, Standard-Bearer, or Adjutant, the officers of the Battalion shall choose a person in his place; and upon the death, resignation, promotion, or other removal of an officer or Court-Associator from a Troop or Company, such vacancy is to be filled by the person such Troop or Company shall elect.
30. No officer or soldier shall be tried a second time for the same offence, except in case of appeal.
31. That when any officers or soldiers of the Association in this Province, shall be called into actual service by the Assembly, or Committee of Safety, in recess of Assembly, they shall be subject to all the rules and articles made by the Assembly at this sitting, for regulating and governing the Troops in the pay of this Province, until they are joined to and in service with Continental Troops; and then they shall be subject to all the rules and articles already made by the honourable Congress for the government of the Continental Troops. Provided always, That no officer or soldier of the said Association shall, after such junction, be tried by any Court-Martial, unless such Court be